The horse is, without a doubt, among the most important animals of the human evolutionary process. The nature of veterinary medicine, which was mainly created to treat illnesses, is proof of its significance. We know so much about the ailments of horses, but you’ll need to see vets to be treated.
Horse owners should be aware of common horse ailments to ensure the health of their horses. If you don’t understand equine diseases and their causes, it can result in your horse’s death.
This is detrimental to the animal; however, it can make it hard for you to be able to enjoy time together with horses. Horses are susceptible to many illnesses, but vaccinations and good treatment may avoid them.
Horses are immune-compliant, but they may get sick like any other animal. This is among the most common horse illnesses that horse owners must know; however, this isn’t an exhaustive list. Being aware of various diseases and conditions cannot be overstated.
1. Equine Colic
Colic is not a condition unique to horses, but it is one of the most frequent and potentially fatal animals. But, it’s wrong to describe colic as a separate condition. A variety of factors can cause horses’ spasmodic abdomen pain.
The most crucial thing to do should your horse suffer from colic is to take them to the vet. They will run the tests for diagnosing the root cause and begin the appropriate treatment. If a blockage is the cause of the problem and excessive fermentation of the ingested substance, the need for antibiotics could be a necessity.
2. Horse Tetanus
The bacteria are anaerobic, which means that they can live without oxygen. It is present in the soil, especially organic soil (such as manure). Many forms of trauma result in tiny wounds or abrasions in horses.
If detected before the toxins cause respiratory muscle weakness, it can be treated with tetanus antitoxin serum and penicillin. Counseling for support will be provided as well.
It can be avoided by receiving the proper vaccines according to the recommended intervals. The doctor will need to apply hydrogen peroxide to inactivate those germs responsible for the harm. This is especially important in the body parts that contact the ground. Visit a veterinary hospital to get additional information.
3. Equine Influenza (Or Horse Flu)
The virus that causes equine flu is similar to human influenza and is a threat to those with respiratory problems. If problems develop, the lower part’s respiratory system may be affected, leading to death. Snorting and nasal secretions can be used to spread them throughout the air.
The vet may recommend a mucolytic to thin mucus if the horse is not fully immunized and displays only a small amount of mucus. The horse needs to be confined away from any other animal for a couple of days. A balanced diet that boosts an animal’s immune system will help them fight the virus until they can defeat it.
An annual vaccine protects horses from this common disease and is particularly essential during winter. A vaccination for horses that protects against both equine tetanus and influenza is readily available. Click here to get more details.
4. Equine Babesiosis or Piroplasmosis
Some of the more prevalent conditions in horses can be found in dogs, cows, and other domestic animals. Ticks are one of the most frequent forms of equine parasites that can spread Babesia. The illness’ symptoms are caused by their proliferative activity inside the horse’s red blood cells.
This sickness may be prevented by ensuring that your horse does not have any tick bites. Permethrin products can be applied to the horse once every week to stop ticks from being attracted by them. Weekly disinfection of the horse’s living area (box or the stable) is also mandatory. Look up “Dog vaccinations near me” to get the best results.