Specific Diseases for Non-core Dog Vaccinations

Non-core dog immunizations are not required unless the specific ailment or condition is widespread. Many veterinarians will still provide these non-core vaccines in places not required. Still, it is up to the veterinarian and the pet owner to determine if the dog is a good candidate for immunization.

Rabies, parvovirus, and canine hepatitis vaccinations are available at many veterinarians. You also have the option of scheduling non-core immunizations in addition to the necessary vaccines.

These vaccinations protect dogs against viruses that are pretty straightforward to defend against. When administered to a dog beyond four months, viral vaccinations have been scientifically demonstrated to save that dog for years, if not for a lifetime.

Non-core Vaccines

A non-core vaccine isn’t often included in a dog’s vaccination schedule, but it can give additional care and protection throughout the dog’s life. Learn about four non-core vaccines to consider for your dog and how the vaccine may help them stay healthier.


The bacterium Bordetella causes kennel cough, which is transferred by airborne pollutants. It is spread by contact with diseased dogs or bacteria transmission in food bowls, cages, and water bowls.

The lining of the dog’s trachea is destroyed as germs grow, resulting in a high-pitched cough that sounds like a goose honk. Coughing can cause dogs to choke and retch. Fever, sneezing, nasal discharge, loss of appetite, and depression are some of the symptoms.

Kennel cough takes around five to seven days to develop. Antibiotics and a cough suppressant should be administered to the dog if symptoms are evident. Kennel cough, if left untreated, can progress to pneumonia, which can be deadly.

The Bordetella immunization is given to dogs as an injection, nasal spray, or orally. A dog’s immunity to the illness takes 48 hours to develop following vaccination. Vaccinations against Bordetella are usually administered once every 12 months. Visit your veterinarian for cat vaccinations.


The pathogen Leptospira causes leptospirosis, which is a bacterial infection. It’s a zoonotic illness that can kill people in some situations. When dogs drink urine-contaminated water or are in contact with infected urine, they become sick with leptospirosis.

Fever, vomiting, sadness, lack of appetite, widespread discomfort, and conjunctivitis are some of the symptoms. Some of the later signs are a dip in temperature, a change in urine color, jaundice, dehydration, trouble breathing, vomiting, and bloody feces.

The vaccination against leptospirosis is classified as a “non-core” vaccine. The vaccination is administered in a two-dose course starting as early as eight to nine weeks. The two dosages are separated by two to four weeks. Veterinarians also offer veterinary dental services.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is conveyed by a tick bite caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Although some dogs can display enlarged lymph nodes or lameness, not all dogs with Lyme disease will show symptoms.

If your dog has signs of Lyme illness, inspect her for any ticks that may still be present. Shifting-leg lameness, a loss of appetite, and a high temperature are all symptoms. Lyme illness, left untreated, can cause severe inflammation in your dog’s neurological system, heart, and kidneys, as well as death.

Dogs in locations where Lyme disease is a problem are routinely given the Lyme disease vaccination. Lyme disease vaccine can be given to dogs as young as eight weeks old, with a second dose two to four weeks later. A booster shot is administered one year after the double dosage and yearly for dogs with a high risk of contracting Lyme disease. Visit this link for more information.


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